KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor: May 2021

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The KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor is an ongoing analysis mission monitoring the general public’s attitudes and experiences with COVID-19 vaccinations. Utilizing a mix of surveys and qualitative analysis, this mission tracks the dynamic nature of public opinion as vaccine growth and distribution unfold, together with vaccine confidence and acceptance, info wants, trusted messengers and messages, in addition to the general public’s experiences with vaccination.

Key Findings

  • The most recent KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor reveals continued regular progress in vaccine uptake, with 62% of U.S. adults saying they’ve gotten a minimum of one dose of a vaccine (up from 56% in April) and the share saying they may “wait and see” down barely from 15% to 12%. This leaves few remaining desperate to get vaccinated, whereas the shares saying they may get vaccinated “provided that required” (7%) or will “undoubtedly not” get a vaccine (13%) primarily unchanged during the last a number of months. But findings additionally recommend the general grownup vaccination charges might attain 70% over the subsequent a number of months, with 4% saying they need the vaccine as quickly as doable and a few third of the “wait and see group” (or 4% of all adults) saying they’ve already scheduled an appointment or plan to get the vaccine within the subsequent 3 months.
  • One potential avenue for additional growing vaccine uptake is full FDA approval of one of many vaccines presently approved for emergency use, with about one-third (32%) of unvaccinated adults saying such approval would make them extra prone to get vaccinated. As well as, one in 5 (21%) employed adults who haven’t gotten a vaccine say they might be extra inclined to take action if their employer gave them paid day without work to get vaccinated and recuperate from unintended effects. Sure monetary incentives might also encourage small shares (between 10-15%) of the unvaccinated to get a vaccine. Such incentives, together with free transportation from journey share firms, lead bigger shares of Hispanic and Black adults in addition to these with decrease incomes to say they might get vaccinated, suggesting incentives might play a job in additional lowering racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in vaccination charges.
  • Over 4 in ten adults (43%) say that CDC steerage on the sorts of actions that vaccinated and unvaccinated folks can safely have interaction in is complicated and arduous to comply with, a share is analogous amongst vaccinated and unvaccinated adults however rises to 56% amongst Republicans. The overwhelming majority of those that haven’t been vaccinated say the brand new CDC pointers stating that totally vaccinated folks don’t have to put on masks or apply social distancing in most conditions doesn’t make a distinction in their very own determination about whether or not to get vaccinated.
  • Amongst mother and father of adolescents ages 12-17, 4 in ten (41%) say their youngster has already acquired a minimum of one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine or they may get them vaccinated straight away. Dad and mom of youthful kids beneath age 12 are extra cautious, with a few quarter saying they may get their younger youngster vaccinated as quickly as a vaccine is permitted for his or her age group and one-third saying they may take a “wait and see” method.

Developments In COVID-19 Vaccination Intentions

Whereas the share of U.S. adults who report receiving a minimum of one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine has continued to climb from 56% in April to 62% in Might, the share who say they intend to get the vaccine as quickly as doable fell to only 4%, leaving a really small group that is able to get vaccinated straight away. On the identical time, the share who say they need to “wait and see” earlier than getting vaccinated inched downward from 15% to 12% over the previous month, whereas the shares saying they may get a vaccine “provided that required” for work or different actions, or will “undoubtedly not” get vaccinated stay primarily unchanged since January.

Inside most demographic subgroups of the inhabitants, there was an uptick between March and April within the share saying they’ve acquired a vaccine and a lower within the share who say they haven’t gotten the vaccine however need it straight away. The rise in self-reported vaccination charges between April and Might was notable amongst Hispanic adults (from 47% to 57%) and people with out faculty levels (from 48% to 55%), two teams for whom vaccine uptake has lagged behind others. 

% who report receiving a minimum of one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine April 2021 Might 2021 Change (proportion factors)
Whole adults 56% 62% +6
Race/ethnicity
Black 51% 56% +5
Hispanic 47% 57% +10
White 60% 65% +5
Training
No faculty diploma 48% 55% +7
Faculty graduates 75% 77% +2
Gender
Ladies 57% 64% +7
Males 54% 59% +5
Age
18-29 40% 48% +8
30-49 48% 51% +3
50-64 63% 69% +6
65+ 76% 83% +7

This leaves an image that’s similar to April, with a minimum of half of adults in virtually each demographic group saying they’ve gotten a minimum of one dose of a vaccine, together with massive majorities of older adults, these with severe well being situations, faculty graduates, and Democrats. Youthful adults and Black adults stay disproportionately prone to say they may wait and see earlier than getting a vaccine, whereas Republicans, rural residents, and White Evangelical Christians are disproportionately prone to say they may undoubtedly not get vaccinated. Notably, after growing considerably final month, vaccine enthusiasm appears to have stalled amongst Republicans, with about half (49%) saying they’ve gotten a minimum of one dose of the vaccine (statistically just like the 52% who mentioned so final month) and 27% saying they may undoubtedly not get vaccinated.

How Lengthy Will the “Wait and See” Maintain Ready?

Whereas few who’re keen stay unvaccinated, the Monitor does present some indication that vaccination charges might proceed to extend over the subsequent few months. Along with the remaining 4% of all adults who say they haven’t been vaccinated however plan to take action as quickly as they will, a few third of these within the “wait and see” group (4% of all adults) say they both have already got a vaccine appointment scheduled or that they may wait 3 months or much less earlier than getting vaccinated, suggesting the chance that the grownup vaccination charge might surpass 70% this summer season. Nonetheless, over 4 in ten of these within the “wait and see” group say they intend to attend greater than 6 months to get a vaccine, together with one third who plan to attend greater than a 12 months.

What Else May Encourage Vaccine Uptake?

Amongst numerous incentives examined on this month’s Monitor, the one which seems to have essentially the most resonance, significantly for these within the “wait and see” group, is full FDA approval of a number of of the COVID-19 vaccines. A couple of third (32%) of those that haven’t been vaccinated, together with 44% of those that say they need to “wait and see,” say they might be extra prone to get vaccinated if one of many vaccines presently approved for emergency use acquired full approval from the FDA. One in 5 (21%) of those that are employed and unvaccinated say they’d be extra prone to get the vaccine if their employer gave them paid day without work to get vaccinated and recuperate from any unintended effects.

Amongst numerous monetary incentives, small shares of those that haven’t gotten a vaccine say they’d be extra doubtless to take action in the event that they had been supplied $100 from their state authorities (15%), free transportation from a journey sharing firm (13%), free tickets to a sporting occasion or live performance (11%), or a $20 coupon for gadgets like meals or drinks (10%).

The shares who say they’d be extra prone to get vaccinated if supplied many of those monetary incentives are bigger amongst some key populations amongst whom vaccination charges have lagged, together with Black and Hispanic adults and people with decrease family incomes. Notably, bigger shares of Each Black and Hispanic adults in comparison with White adults who haven’t been vaccinated say they’d be extra prone to get a vaccine in the event that they had been supplied free transportation from a journey share firm like Uber or Lyft, reflecting disproportionate concern about having problem touring to a vaccination web site amongst these populations recognized in earlier Monitor stories. These findings recommend that monetary incentives and journey help might assist additional shut gaps in vaccination charges between White communities and folks of colour, along with serving to some adults with decrease socioeconomic standing get vaccinated.

% who say they might be extra prone to get vaccinated if supplied the next… Race/Ethnicity Family revenue
Black Hispanic White <$40,000 $40,000 or extra
$100 from their state authorities 25% 29% 8% 22% 11%
Free transportation from a journey share firm 22% 29% 5% 21% 7%
Free tickets to a sporting occasion or live performance 20% 21% 6% 17% 7%
$20 coupon for gadgets resembling meals or drinks 15% 22% 6% 16% 6%

There’s additionally the chance for incentives and necessities to get vaccinated to backfire with sure people. Actually, amongst those that haven’t been vaccinated and aren’t able to get the vaccine as quickly as doable, about 4 in ten (41%) say they’ve felt “unfairly pressured” to get the COVID-19 vaccine, together with half of those that say they may “undoubtedly not” get vaccinated (51%) and related shares of ladies (48%) and faculty graduates (52%).

When those that report feeling unfair stress are requested who they assume has been making use of that stress, the most typical responses embody the federal government (36%), the media (19%), society basically (14%), and their buddies, household, or coworkers (12%). 

Reactions to New CDC Steerage on Secure Actions for Absolutely Vaccinated Adults

On Might 13, 2021, the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) issued up to date public well being pointers for actions that totally vaccinated folks can safely have interaction in. Amongst different issues, the brand new steerage states that totally vaccinated folks not have to put on a masks or bodily distance in any setting, besides the place required by different legal guidelines, rules, or enterprise restrictions. Requested how they really feel in regards to the CDC pointers, simply over half the general public (54%) says they’re “clear and simple to know” and simply over 4 in ten (43%) say they’re “complicated and arduous to comply with”. Notably, related shares of each vaccinated and unvaccinated adults say they discover the steerage complicated, although there’s a partisan divide with a majority of Republicans (56%) saying the steerage is complicated and majorities of Democrats (59%) and independents (60%) saying it’s clear. This may increasingly mirror partisan variations in belief of the CDC as recognized in earlier Vaccine Monitor stories.

When those that haven’t been vaccinated for COVID-19 are requested how the brand new CDC steerage saying totally vaccinated folks don’t have to put on masks or social distance in most locations would possibly have an effect on their very own vaccination plans, the overwhelming majority (85%) say it makes no distinction. One in ten say this up to date steerage makes them extra prone to get vaccinated, however a small share (4%) say it makes them much less prone to get a vaccine.

Dad and mom’ Intentions for Vaccinating Youngsters

With the current FDA authorization for using the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine in kids ages 12 and older, the newest Monitor finds about 4 in ten (41%) mother and father of youngsters ages 12-17 say their youngster has already acquired a minimum of one dose of the vaccine (24%) or that they may get them vaccinated straight away (18%). About one in 5 mother and father of adolescents say they may “wait some time to see how it’s working” earlier than getting their youngster vaccinated (21%), whereas 14% say they may get their youngster vaccinated provided that their college requires it and one other one in 5 say they may “undoubtedly not” get their 12-17 year-old vaccinated.

Dad and mom of youthful kids, for whom a COVID-19 vaccine isn’t but approved, are extra cautious of their method to the vaccine. One-quarter (26%) say they may get their youngster beneath age 12 vaccinated as quickly as a vaccine is permitted for his or her age group, whereas one-third intend to attend some time to see how the vaccine is working. A further 14% say they may vaccinate their younger youngster provided that college requires it and one-quarter (26%) say they may undoubtedly not get them vaccinated.

Dad and mom’ personal vaccination standing is correlated with their intentions to vaccinate their kids for COVID-19. Amongst mother and father of youngsters beneath age 12 who’ve acquired a vaccine themselves, practically half (46%) say they may get their youthful youngster a vaccine as quickly as one is permitted for his or her age group in comparison with simply 8% of fogeys who haven’t acquired a vaccine. In contrast, 42% of unvaccinated mother and father say they may “undoubtedly not” get their youngster beneath age 12 vaccinated in comparison with simply 8% of fogeys who’ve acquired the vaccine themselves.

When mother and father are requested the largest query they’ve on the subject of their youngster receiving a COVID-19 vaccine, the questions echo lots of the considerations we now have heard from adults about getting the vaccine themselves. One in 5 mother and father point out questions on potential unintended effects or adverse reactions to the vaccine, and one other 10% have questions on long-term unintended effects particularly. Six % of fogeys say they need to know extra in regards to the analysis that was completed on kids and 5% have questions in regards to the security of the vaccine for youngsters. Smaller shares point out questions on vaccine effectiveness, availability, and whether or not it’s crucial for youngsters to get vaccinated. About one in 5 mother and father (19%) say they don’t have any questions on the subject of their youngster receiving a vaccine.

These questions and considerations don’t essentially mirror a resistance amongst mother and father to vaccines extra broadly. Simply 11% of fogeys say they’ve ever delayed or skipped different vaccines for his or her kids.

In their very own phrases: What’s the greatest query you could have, if any, on the subject of your youngster or kids receiving a COVID-19 vaccine?

“I’m most taken with the long run influence of their growth, bodily, psychological and reproductive growth.”
—Black mom of kid beneath age 12, will get youngster vaccinated provided that college requires it

“I need to know the way my kids’s our bodies will react to the vaccine. I additionally need to know if will probably be approved fully by the FDA.”
—Hispanic mom of kid beneath age 12, will get youngster vaccinated provided that college requires it

“The ache the shot will trigger them, my arm was severely sore, so how is that going to have an effect on my youngster?”
—Hispanic mom of kid beneath age 12, will wait and see earlier than getting youngster vaccinated

“Is it gonna actually work? Is it going to maintain them secure contemplating all of the unintended effects persons are having?”
—Black father of kid beneath age 12, will wait and see earlier than getting youngster vaccinated

“If a baby has well being situations already, nobody is aware of what the unintended effects are. In the event that they take the COVID vaccine they usually had been to get sick, what can be to stop them from getting worse?”
—White father of kid age 12-15, will wait and see earlier than getting youngster vaccinated

“So the largest query I’ve is how will they comply with up with the brand new vaccine within the following 12 months? With the pressure ever altering. How will they comply with up the subsequent 12 months? Or do they simply anticipate me to proceed to pump my child with a drug that they don’t know the way it impacts every thing?”
—Hispanic mom of kid age 16-17, will get youngster vaccinated provided that college requires it

“I need to know if the vaccines my kids are taking are actually efficient in opposition to the virus. I need to know if youthful kids additionally should get the vaccine.”
—Hispanic mom of youngsters ages 12-15 and 16-17, youngster has already been vaccinated

“I do not need a query as a result of they aren’t getting it.”
—White mom of youngsters beneath age 12 and ages 12-17, will certainly not get youngster vaccinated

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